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Lesson 11 – What is for Dinner?

Read About Carnivores, Herbivores, and Omnivores


Read the vocabulary terms to understand the reading better.


A carnivore is an animal that mostly eats meat. For example, lions and snakes are carnivores.


A consumer is an animal that gets its energy by eating plants or other animals.


A herbivore is an animal that mainly feeds on plants such as insects, and elephants.


An omnivore is an animal that eats plants and animals. For example, dogs and raccoons are omnivores.

What is for Dinner?

Animals are called consumers because they must find food to eat. They cannot make their own food. Consumers can be put in three groups, based on the food they eat.


A carnivore is an animal that eats other animals. Many types of animals are carnivores. Here are a few examples:

  • Lions eat large mammals such as zebras, buffalo, and antelopes.
  • Polar bears’ favourite food is seals. They eat other animals, too.
  • Frogs eat insects, worms, and snails.
  • Dragonflies eat other insects.


Herbivores are animals that eat plants. Some herbivores eat only grass and leaves. Other herbivores eat flowers, fruits, seeds, or even wood. Here are examples of herbivores:

  • Sheep eat leaves and grass.
  • Elephants eat leaves, twigs, and bark. They eat fruits, seeds, and flowers, too.
  • Bees eat the pollen and nectar they find in flowers.
  • Parrots eat fruits and nuts.


An omnivore is an animal that eats plants and animals. Which of these omnivores have you seen?

  • Black bears mostly eat leaves, nuts, and berries. They will also eat animals such as ants, bees, salmon, and trout.
  • Robins eat worms, insects, and berries.
  • Skunks eat animals such as insects, worms, and frogs. Berries, roots, leaves, and nuts are also part of a skunk’s diet.
  • Snapping turtles eat a variety of plants. They will also eat small fish, frogs, insects, and snakes.

To learn more about carnivores, herbivores, and omnivores, watch the video by Crash Course Kids on Youtube.

Now Show What You Know!

Complete some questions about the reading selection by clicking “Begin Questions” below.