Topic – Using Water to Produce Electricity

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Read the Following Selection

Read about using water to produce electricity, or click on the play button below to listen aloud.

Using Water to Produce Electricity

Hydro means “water.” Hydroelectric power plants use water to create electricity.

How It Works

1. A dam is built in a river. Water collects behind the dam, creating a lake or reservoir.

2. When the gates are open, water rushes down a pipe to the turbines.

3. The water turns the turbine blades, which turns the rod the blades are attached to.

4. The turbine makes the rod and magnets spin very quickly inside the generator.
As the magnets spin, charge builds up in coils of copper wire, creating electricity.

5. The electricity travels along wires to the transformer. The transformer can help send electricity far away to where electrical power is needed.

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