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Topic – The Octopus

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The Octopus

The octopus gets its name from a Greek word that means “eight feet.” Octopuses do not really have feet. Instead, they have eight long arms called tentacles. Each tentacle has two rows of suckers, which are like suction cups. These help the octopus to grip slippery rocks and catch sea animals to eat.

Two of the tentacles are more like legs than arms. The octopus uses these tentacles to walk along the bottom of the ocean. If an octopus loses a tentacle, it can grow a new one.

The octopus has no bones. The only hard part on an octopus body is the beak it uses to eat. The beak is very sharp and can drill into the shell of animals such as clams and crabs.

An octopus can change the colour of its skin to help it hide from enemies. The colour changes so the octopus can blend in with its surroundings. When it is chased by an enemy, the octopus squirts out a cloud of dark ink so the enemy cannot see it. Then the octopus swims away very fast.

Octopuses live alone, not in families or groups. An octopus home is called a den. Some octopuses make their dens in between rocks, and some dig holes to live in. An octopus leaves its den to hunt for food.

A female octopus lays thousands of eggs. Then she stays in the den to protect the eggs until they hatch. After two months, the eggs hatch and the mother uses water to push the baby octopuses out of the den.


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