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Topic – The Hudson Bay Lowlands

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The Hudson Bay Lowlands

Location

The Hudson Bay Lowlands are located around the southern part of Hudson Bay and James Bay, and includes parts of Manitoba, northern Ontario, and Québec.

Physical Features

The Hudson Bay Lowlands were once part of Hudson Bay and are known as one of the flattest parts of Canada. The Hudson Bay Lowlands were created over long periods of time. As the glaciers from the Ice Age slowly melted away, the level of the land got higher. Since the land is near sea level, it is marshy and water does not drain away.

Winter in the Hudson Bay Lowlands

The Hudson Bay Lowlands region has the largest area of wetlands in the world. Wetlands are lands that are covered with water all or almost all of the time. Much of the Hudson Bay Lowlands has permafrost, which means that the ground stays frozen all year round. Only the surface of the ground thaws in the summer. Permafrost is another reason why the water does not drain away easily.

Climate

The Hudson Bay Lowlands region has a climate very similar to the northern part of the Canadian Shield. The winters are long and cold. The summers are short and warm. During the winter, precipitation mostly falls as snow.

Vegetation

Birch trees

• The Hudson Bay Lowlands are mostly muskeg or peat-forming wetland.

• There are long marshes along the coastline of Hudson Bay and James Bay.

• In the southwestern part of the Hudson Bay Lowlands, there are thick forests of trees such as white spruce, white birch, and balsam poplar.

Wildlife

• birds such as snow geese, whistling swans, ducks, and loons

• sea life such as seals and walruses

• mammals such as caribou, Arctic foxes, weasels, and polar bears

Natural Resources

• hydroelectricity


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