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Topic – The Forgotten Kingdoms

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Read the Following Selection

Read about the forgotten kingdoms, or click on the play button below to listen aloud.

The Forgotten Kingdoms

People rarely think about organisms in the Monera, Protista, and Fungi kingdoms.

The Monera Kingdom

  only one cell

  most simple cell structure

  reproduce by splitting in two

  most absorb nutrients from outside their bodies

Bacteria are everywhere. They turn milk into yogourt and cheese. They help decompose waste. They can keep us healthy or make us sick. They are used to produce many medicines that treat diseases. Although we cannot see them, bacteria are very important in our lives.

The Protista Kingdom

  do not fit in any other kingdom

  not bacteria, fungi, plants, or animals

  most have only one cell

  more complex cell structure than moneras

  live mostly in water, but can survive in moist soil and inside animals

  most reproduce by splitting in two

Protists are classified according to how they move and how they get nutrition. So there are animal-like protists, plant-like protists, and fungus-like protists. Algae are plant-like protists. They produce their own food. Amoebas are animal-like protists. They consume other organisms for food. Drinking water that contains certain types of amoebas can make people sick. Slime moulds are fungus-like protists. They absorb nutrients from their environment.

The Fungi Kingdom

  many cells

  get nutrients from dead plants and animals

  decomposers that help turn dead organisms into nutrients that make soil rich

Fungi are used to produce many medicines. We eat some types of fungi. Yeast is a fungus used for baking. Some fungi can cause infections, such as athlete’s foot and ringworm. Others can damage crops.


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