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Read the Following Selection
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Read That Label!
Most people know what they are putting into their bodies when they eat a piece of chicken or a carrot. Food such as eggs, apples, and potatoes are called natural foods. There has been nothing added to the food before you cook it or eat it raw.
Foods that have other things added to them are called processed foods. Processed foods are usually found in a box, can, or bag. So how do you know what you are eating when you buy processed foods?
The Ingredient List
Processed foods have an ingredient list. This list tells you what is in the food. The ingredients are listed in the order of their weight. This means that the ingredient that weighs the most is listed first. The second ingredient by weight is listed next. Ingredients such as spices, flavourings, minerals, and vitamins are usually at the end of the list in any order. This is because they are small amounts.
Here is an example of an ingredient list from a cereal box:
Ingredients: Whole wheat, wheat bran, sugar/glucose-fructose, salt, malt (corn flour, malted barley), vitamins (thiamine hydrochloride, pyridoxine hydrochloride, folic acid, d-calcium pantothenate), minerals (iron, zinc oxide).
What Is in a Name?
Sometimes fats, sodium, and sugar are in an ingredient list under a different name. These are three things that most people want to know about because they do not want to eat too much of these ingredients. So it is important to know the other names of these common ingredients. Here are some examples of other names used:
• Fat: bacon, beef fat, butter, cocoa butter, lard, palm oil, shortening, suet, hard margarine, powdered whole milk
• Sodium: baking powder, baking soda, celery salt, garlic salt, monosodium glutamate (MSG), salt, sodium bisulfate, soy sauce
• Sugar: brown sugar, corn syrup, dextrose, fructose, glucose, high-fructose corn syrup, molasses, sucrose
Ingredient lists are also important because they can tell you if the food has something in it that you are allergic to or that makes you sick.
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1. Natural foods have nothing added to them before you cook them or eat them raw. Processed foods have other things added to them before you eat them.CorrectIncorrect
2. The third ingredient in the cereal is sugar/glucose-fructose. What does this tell you about the amount of this ingredient in the cereal?CorrectIncorrect
3. Dextrose, fructose, glucose, and sucrose are all sugars.
What do all these words have in common? What do you think the word maltose means? Why?
Great answer!Great answer!
Type your response above.
4. Only processed foods have an ingredient list.CorrectIncorrect
5. Fill in the blank using information from the text.
Baking soda is an example of the ingredient .