Topic – Provincial Governments

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Provincial Governments

Did you know each province in Canada has its own government? Provincial and federal governments in Canada are very similar in the way they operate. In a provincial election, the leader of the political party that wins the most seats in the legislature becomes the premier of the province. The premier chooses a cabinet formed by elected members of their political party. The cabinet helps the premier make decisions. The opposition is formed by the political party who had the second-highest number of elected members in the election. Provincial governments usually meet twice a year for about six to ten weeks.

Some differences between provincial and federal governments are as follows. For example, provincial governments do not have a Senate and have only one legislature that makes laws. Another example is the queen’s representative, which is a similar position to the governor general, is called the lieutenant governor.

The legislature has different names in different provinces:


Name of Elected Member

Name of Legislature

British Columbia




New Brunswick

Prince Edward Island


Member of the Legislative Assembly or MLA

Legislative Assembly


Member of the Provincial Parliament or MPP

Provincial Parliament


Member of the National Assembly or MNA

National Assembly or Assemblée nationale

Newfoundland and Labrador

Nova Scotia

Member of the House of Assembly or MHA

House of Assembly

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