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Read the Following Selection
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Pioneer Farms: Spring and Summer
Pioneer farmers looked forward to spring after a long, cold winter. One of the first jobs in spring was to make maple syrup and maple sugar. These were made from the sap inside sugar maple trees.
Farmers waited for all the snow on their fields to melt. When the soil was dry, it was time to get ready to plant. Farmers used horses to pull the heavy plough over the fields. The plough broke up the hard soil. Then farmers planted seeds.
Spring was also time to clip the wool off the sheep. This was called shearing the sheep. The wool was used to make warm clothes.
Farmers watched their crops grow in the fields. All summer long, they pulled up the weeds so their crops would grow better.
Most farmers grew hay in some fields. They needed hay to feed to their horses, cows, and sheep during the winter. Farmers waited for hot, dry weather to harvest the hay. They wanted the hay to dry out in the sun before they stored it away in the barn.
Summer was also the time to pick fruits and vegetables. Some fruits and vegetables were kept to eat during winter. To keep fruits from spoiling, people dried them. Fruits were also stewed, or cooked in water and a little sugar, then stored in jars. Vegetables were put in jars that contained salt and vinegar. That way, they would last through the winter. Jars of fruits and vegetables were stored in a hole in the ground called a root cellar. The root cellar kept the food from freezing in winter, and kept the food cool during the warmer months.
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1. Why were sugar maple trees important to pioneer farmers?CorrectIncorrect
2. Soil can get hard when it dries out in spring. Plants do not grow well in hard soil.
How did farmers get the soil ready for planting seeds?CorrectIncorrect
3. What kind of weather was best for harvesting hay?CorrectIncorrect
4. What was the purpose of a root cellar?
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5. Fill in the blank using information from the text.
Spring was also time to clip the wool off the sheep. This was called the sheep.