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Read the Following Selection
Read the following selection, or click on the play button below to listen aloud.
Natural Environments and Industries
Canada is a large country that contains several different types of natural environment. For example, the Canadian Shield is made up of rocky land, the Maritime provinces have a coastline along the Atlantic Ocean, and many areas of Canada are covered by forests.
An industry is made up of groups of similar businesses. For example, all the businesses that dig into the ground to collect useful materials (such as gas, oil, coal, and metals) make up the mining industry. All the factories that make things (such as cars, refrigerators, and clothes) make up the manufacturing industry. There are several different kinds of industries in Canada.
The type of natural environment in a region affects what kinds of industries develop in that region. Below are some examples.
• Metals are found in rock. The Canadian Shield is made of rock. Part of Canada’s mining industry developed in the area covered by the Canadian Shield.
• Many different types of fish live in the Atlantic Ocean. The Maritime provinces have a coastline along the Atlantic Ocean. A strong fishing industry developed in the Maritime provinces.
• The pulp and paper industry takes wood from trees and turns it into a thick paste called pulp. The pulp is used to make paper and cardboard. Canada’s pulp and paper industry developed in provinces where there are large areas of forest.
Industries often develop in regions where the natural environment provides the materials they need.
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1. Match the natural environment to what it’s made up of.
is made up of rocky land.
have a coastline along the Atlantic Ocean.
The Canadian Shield…
The Maritime provinces…
2. Fill in the blank using information from the text.
An is made up of groups of similar businesses.
3. Match the industry to its description.
all the businesses that dig into the ground to collect useful materials
all the factories that make things for people to use
The Mining Industry
The Manufacturing Industry
4. Match the following to the correct industry.
gas, oil, coal, and metal
cars, refrigerators, medicines, and clothes
5. True or false? The type of natural environment in a region affects what kinds of industries develop in that region.CorrectIncorrect
6. What is pulp used for?CorrectIncorrect
7. What kind of provinces did Canada’s pulp and paper industry develop in?CorrectIncorrect
8. A natural resource is something useful to humans that is found in nature. Think of some other natural resources not mentioned in the article. Write them in the space below.
Great answer!Great answer!
Type your response above.