Topic – Musical Instruments

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Musical Instruments

Musical instruments produce many different sounds. How do they do this?


Some instruments make sounds when air is pushed through a tube. One example is the recorder. A recorder is a wind instrument. Wind instruments have many different shapes, but the main part of the instrument is a hollow tube. When air is blown into the hole at one end of the tube, a sound is made. A recorder has finger holes to change the pitch of the sound. Other wind instruments change pitch by changing the length of the tube. A trombone is one example.


The sounds that string instruments make come from vibrating strings. Some examples of string instruments are the guitar, violin, and piano. String instruments make high and low sounds by using different lengths and thicknesses of string. The pitch of a string can be changed by making the string tighter or looser. String instruments can be played in many ways. They can be plucked like a guitar, played with a bow like a violin, or played by pressing keys like a piano.


Percussion instruments produce a sound when they are struck with something. Often percussion instruments provide the beat of the music. Bells and xylophones are percussion instruments that can play melodies. Drums are usually tuned so they play one note. They can be tuned to play different notes by tightening or loosening the top of the drum. Tighter tops produce higher notes. Bigger drums produce lower notes.

Some percussion instruments, such as maracas, are shaken to make sounds. Tambourines can be struck and shaken to make sounds.

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