Lesson 10 – More About Producers, Consumers, and Decomposers

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Read More About Producers, Consumers, and Decomposers


Read the vocabulary terms to understand the reading better.

A carnivore is an animal that mostly eats meat. For example, lions and snakes are carnivores.

A decomposer is a living thing that feeds on and breaks down dead plants and animals. Some examples of decomposers include earthworms and bacteria.

Energy is the ability or power to do work.

A food chain is a diagram that shows the sequence of living things in which one feeds on the living thing below it.

A habitat is a natural environment in which an animal, plant or other living thing lives.

A herbivore is an animal that mainly feeds on plants. For example, insects and elephants are herbivores.

An omnivore is an animal that eats plants and animals. For example, dogs and raccoons are omnivores.

Photosynthesis is when green plants use sunlight to make their food.

More About Producers, Consumers, and Decomposers

Every living thing needs energy to live. Scientists group living things into three categories, based on how they get energy. Those categories are producers, consumers, and decomposers.

Food Chains

A food chain shows how animals in a habitat get energy from each other. Below is an example of a food chain in a forest habitat.

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