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Topic – Mesopotamia: Who Invented That?

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Who Invented That?

Mesopotamia is called the “cradle of civilization” because it was the first place where people came together to live in one place. First, there were small villages and towns. Some towns became large cities as the population grew. Governments were formed to take care of the people.

There were many things that helped Mesopotamia grow. Many of these inventions are as important today as they were then.

The Wheel

The evolution of the wheel

Scientists do not know for sure who invented the first wheel. Many say the people of Mesopotamia did. Many agree that Mesopotamians were the first people to use the wheel for everyday things. They used a potter’s wheel to make pots. They used carts with wheels to move goods from place to place. Carts helped towns and cities trade with other places. Trade meant they could sell things they did not need and buy from other people things they needed.


Mesopotamia engraved cylinder seal

Farmers in Mesopotamia needed lots of water from the rivers to grow crops. Carrying water by hand or in carts was hard work. It took a lot of time. Mesopotamians invented irrigation so they could have bigger farms and would not have to work so hard. They dug canals that would bring water from the rivers to their farms.

The Seeder Plough

Modern day seeder plough

Farmers needed to plough the fields before they could plant seeds. Then they had to go back to put seeds in the ground. The Mesopotamians invented the seeder plough.  In the seeder plough, there was a funnel with seeds behind the plough. As the plough dug up the soil, the seeds were dropped into the soil right away. This meant that farmers could plant more crops in a shorter time.

People from Mesopotamia also invented the first writing system, the first sailboat, and the first 12-month calendar. They were a remarkable civilization.

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