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Lesson 01 – Matter is Everywhere

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Read About Matter

Vocabulary

Read the vocabulary terms to understand the reading better.

A gas is a substance that behaves like the air around us. Gas does not have its own shape. and takes the shape of any container it is put into.

Mass is the amount of matter an object contains.

Matter is anything that takes up space and has mass.

Sap is a liquid that flows inside trees.

A solid is an object that takes up space and keeps their own shape.

Volume is the amount of space that matter takes up.

Matter is Everywhere

Look around you. How are juice, a horse, and steam alike? They are all made of matter. Matter is anything that takes up space and has mass. Everything can be sorted into one of three states of matter: solid, liquid, or gas.

Matter can be in a solid state.

Matter can be in a liquid state.

Matter can be in the gas state.

Solids

Did you know there are different types of solids? Some solids are hard. Some solids are soft. Ice and books are solids. Feathers and pillows are solids. Rocks and leaves are solids found in nature.

Solid Facts:

• Solids take up space. The amount of space does not change.

• Solids keep the same shape.

• Solids can break, but they are still solid.

Liquids

Did you know there are different types of liquids? Milk and water are liquids. Some liquids are thick such as maple syrup. Rain and tree sap are liquids found in nature.

Liquid Facts:

• Liquids flow.

• Liquids can be poured.

• Liquids take the shape of the container they are in.

Now Show What You Know!

Complete some questions about the reading selection by clicking “Begin Questions” below.