Topic – Different Types of Habitats

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Read the Following Selection

Read about habitats, or click on the play button below to listen aloud.

Different Types of Habitats

There are many types of habitats around the world. Let us look at some types of habitats in North America.


Prairies can be called grasslands because they are covered with grasses. Many types of flowers are found there, too. Trees and bushes do not grow well there.

Buffalo and pronghorn antelope eat prairie grasses. Wolves, coyotes, and foxes live in the prairie. They eat smaller animals, such as gophers and prairie dogs. Ground squirrels live on the ground and dig underground homes. Sparrows, hawks, and owls are birds that live in the prairie habitat.


Cities are habitats for humans, plants, and wild creatures. Ants dig homes in the sidewalk cracks. Birds hunt for worms on lawns. Mice live in people’s houses. Trees and plants grow around homes. Weeds grow in ditches. Grasses and bushes grow in fields. Trees grow in city parks.


Wetlands are found between water and dry land. Swamps and marshes are wetlands. This habitat may be very wet and muddy most of the time. Or the habitat may be underwater.

Trees, grasses, and bushes can grow in wetlands. Mosquitoes, dragonflies, fish, turtles, ducks, frogs, and snakes are just a few animals that can live in wetlands.


Lots of animals live in the world’s oceans. Whales and sharks are some of the larger ocean animals. Smaller animals include octopuses, sea jellies, and shrimp. Plankton are ocean creatures that are so tiny you need a microscope to see them. Brown, red, and green seaweed are plants that grow in an ocean habitat.

Birds live above the ocean. But they are also part of the ocean habitat because they hunt there.

Now, show what you know!

Complete some questions about the reading selection by clicking “Begin Questions” below.

Brain Stretch: Sometimes areas become what is called a critical habitat. This happens when a species is threatened, or is near extinction, and needs protection. Laws to prevent killing, removing, or bothering of the species protect the critical habitat. This effort helps the species survive and thrive. Create a poster about a critical habitat near your community. Make sure to include information on what caused this area to become a critical habitat. Describe what is being done to help this area recover.