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Topic – Composting

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Read the Following Selection

Read the following selection, or click on the play button below to listen aloud.

Composting

A compost bin

Reduce, reuse, and recycle by composting!

Composting is the process of recycling decomposed (broken down) natural waste. Natural waste includes things such as leaves, or fruit and vegetable scraps. Over time, the natural waste will decompose into a rich soil called compost. Compost can be spread into flowerbeds, dug into vegetable gardens, spread under trees and bushes, or sprinkled on the lawn. Compost can be used anywhere that you want to give a boost of nutrients to the soil.

Good places to set up a compost bin are any place near a garden, and close to a source of water. This way you can easily add to the compost and keep it moist. A workforce of bacteria, earthworms, and other organisms, work to break down the natural waste. This workforce needs air and water to live and work.

Look at the table to see what can and cannot go into a compost bin.

Examples of what you can
put in the compost bin.

Examples of what you cannot
put in the compost bin.

  leaves

  grass

  small garden clippings

  pine needles

  wood ash

  bark

  nutshells

  fruit and vegetable peels or seeds

  coffee grounds, including the paper filter

  tea bags

  sawdust

  meat

  fish

  bones

  dairy products

  vegetable oils

  fats

  human or pet waste

  charcoal ash

  plastic

  glass containers

  aluminum foil


Now, show what you know!

Complete some questions about the reading selection by clicking “Begin Questions” below.