How to share this Lesson/Activity with your Google Classroom:
- To share this lesson/activity with Google Classroom, click "Continue with Google" to get started.
- After logging in, click "Add to Google Classroom" to assign this lesson/activity to your students.
How to share this Lesson/Activity with Microsoft Teams:
- To share this lesson/activity with Microsof Teams, click "Continue with Microsoft" to get started.
- After logging in, click "Add to Microsoft Teams" to assign this lesson/activity to your students.
Read the Following Selection
Read the following selection, or click on the play button below to listen aloud.
Canada’s Amazing Mines
Canada is rich in many metals and minerals. For hundreds of years, workers have mined, or dug, them out of the country’s rock.
Coal, Copper and More
There are more than 800 mines across Canada. They make the country one of the world’s largest producers of minerals such as coal, potash and uranium. Precious metals including gold, platinum and silver are also important mining products here. Canadians also mine metals such as copper, iron, lead, nickel and zinc. There is even a diamond mine in Canada’s north. Canada’s first mine was a coal mine on Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia. Workers began digging out the coal here about 350 years ago. Mining was important for Canada’s settlement and development. Many communities in northern Ontario, Quebec and Alberta sprang up because of the mines there.
Mining involves more than simply removing the metal or mineral from deep below the ground. The mineral has to be removed from the rock using heat or chemicals. The left-over material is a mixture of liquid and small bits of rock and is called tailings. These tailings may contain metals, such as arsenic and lead, that can be dangerous to people and wildlife. This waste has to be disposed of carefully so it can’t release poisons. The rock that has the metal or mineral in it is called ore. It is heated in huge vats known as smelters where it is processed and purified.
In the 1800s, small horses were used in some mines to help haul the heavy carts of rock and ore. They were known as pit ponies and these little animals worked hard with the miners. The workers’ only equipment were shovels and picks to dig the metals and minerals out of the ground. Today, workers use computers and robotics to extract metals and minerals from the mines. This modern equipment makes mining more efficient and safer. The best current techniques are also used to dispose of waste from the mine as carefully as possible. Caring for the environment —the land, water and air around mines — is now an important part of the mining process.
Now, show what you know!
Complete some questions about the reading selection by clicking “Begin Questions” below.
0 of 6 questions completed
You have already completed this activity. You cannot start it again.
Activity is loading…
You must sign in or sign up to take this activity.
You must first complete the following:
0 of 6 questions answered correctly
Time has elapsed.
You have reached 0 of 0 point(s), (0)
Score: of ()
0 Essay(s) Pending (Possible Point(s): 0)
1. How many mines are there across Canada?CorrectIncorrect
2. What was Canada’s first mine, and where was it?CorrectIncorrect
3. How is the mineral removed from the rock?CorrectIncorrect
4. Match the following to complete the fact.
the left-over liquid and small bits of rock after removing the mineral from a rock
the rock that has the metal or mineral in it
the huge vats where the ore is processed and purified
A tailing is…
An ore is…
A smelter is…
5. In the 1800s, what equipment did the workers have to dig metals and minerals out of the ground?CorrectIncorrect
6. True or false? It is important to dispose of waste from the mine as carefully as possible.CorrectIncorrect