Lesson 13 – Body Coverings

Read About Body Coverings


Read the vocabulary terms to understand the reading better.


An adaptation is something that helps an animal survive including changes in looks or behaviour.


An amphibian is a cold-blooded animal that lives in water when young, but breathes air as an adult.


A mammal is a warm-blooded animal whose babies are born alive, are fed milk, and have hair or fur.


A scale on a fish is a small hard plate that grows out of the skin.


A shell is a hard outer covering on certain animals used to protect themselves.

Body Coverings

Body coverings are adaptations. Body coverings such as skin protect animals. Skin helps animals stay warm and dry.

Hair and Fur

Most mammals have skin covered with hair or fur. Your skin is covered with hair!


A polar bear has skin covered with thick fur. 

This helps the bear stay warm.


An elephant has only a little bit of hair.

This helps pull heat away from its body.

Wet Skin

Amphibians such as frogs have thin, wet skin. 

This helps them breathe.


Birds have skin covered with feathers. 

Feathers help birds stay warm and dry. They also help birds fly.


Fish have skin covered with wet scales. 

The scales protect the skin.


Insects have a shell but no skin. The shell is dry and hard. 

The shell helps keep the beetle from drying out.

To learn more about animal body coverings, watch the video by Miacademy Learning Channel on Youtube.

Now Show What You Know!

Complete some questions about the reading selection by clicking “Begin Questions” below.