# Topic – What Can Forces Do?

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### Read the Following Selection

Read about what forces do or click on the play button below to listen aloud.

### Forces Make Things Move

A soccer ball sits on a field. The ball will not move by itself. Can you make the ball move? You could kick it.

You want to get socks from a drawer. How do you open the drawer? You pull the handle.

Objects need a force to make them move. You kick a soccer ball with your foot. You pull a drawer with your hand. Pushing and pulling are forces. Forces make things move.

You use muscular force to push and pull.

### Forces Make Things Stop

Forces can also make objects stop. A shopping cart will roll down a hill. You can stop the cart by grabbing the handle. Or you could push against the cart. Pushing and pulling are forces. Pushing and pulling can make objects stop moving.

### What Else Can Forces Do?

Change speed: Forces can change the speed of an object. You push a toy car to make the car start moving. To make the car go faster, you can push the car harder. You can use force to change the speed of a moving object. The second push makes the car go faster.

Change direction: Forces can make an object change direction. To change the direction of a baseball that is pitched, you hit the ball with a bat. When you hit the baseball, you push the ball with the bat. The baseball changes direction and moves away from you.

### Now, show what you know!

Complete some questions about the reading selection by clicking “Begin Questions” below.