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The Sounds of Birds
Do you enjoy listening to birds? The best time to hear lots of birds making sounds is at dawn, when the sun comes up. Birds make many different kinds of sounds. The two main kinds of sounds are songs and calls.
Bird songs are longer than bird calls. These sounds are called songs because they have high notes and low notes, like a song. Different kinds of birds sing different songs. Baby birds, called chicks, learn the song they will sing from their parents.
There are two main reasons why birds sing songs. The first reason is to find a mate. Male birds sing to female birds. If a female bird likes the way a male sings his song, she will become his mate. Then the two birds will have baby birds, which hatch from eggs the mother lays.
Birds like to have their own space, called a territory. Birds also sing songs to tell other birds, “This is my territory, so stay away!”
Bird calls are shorter than bird songs. Calls don’t usually have lots of different notes that make them sound like songs. For example, the call of a crow sounds like caw, caw. The call can be repeated over and over—caw, caw—caw, caw—caw, caw.
Bird calls can warn other birds of danger. If there is a cat nearby, a bird will make calls to tell other birds to be careful.
Birds often travel in groups called flocks. Birds in a flock will call to each other as they fly. The call is a way of saying, “I’m here. I’m still with the rest of you.”
Chicks also make calls. You might hear calls that sound like cheep, cheep coming from a nest with chicks inside.
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1. Why do chicks make calls?CorrectIncorrect
2. When is the time lots of birds make sounds at the same time?CorrectIncorrect
3. Choose each piece of information that is true bird songs.CorrectIncorrect
A cause is something that makes something happen. It answers the question “why did this happen.”
An effect is what happened as a result of the cause. It answers the question “what happened.”
4. Which sentence tells the cause? Which sentence tells the effect? Drag each sentence to the correct spot.
- A bird sees danger.
- A bird calls to warn other birds.
5. Choose if the following statement is a fact or opinion: Bird calls are shorter than bird songs.CorrectIncorrect