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Topic – Deciduous and Coniferous Trees

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Deciduous and Coniferous Trees

All trees are the same in some ways. They have roots, a trunk, and branches. They also have leaves that make food for the tree. Trees can be divided into two groups—deciduous (say it like this: duh-si-dyu-us) and coniferous (say it like this: kuh-ni-fur-us).

Deciduous Trees

Deciduous trees have leaves that change colour in the fall and start to drop off. When you see a tree that has no leaves in winter, you know it is a deciduous tree. Oak, maple, and elm are all examples of different kinds of deciduous trees.

Fruits such as apples, pears, and peaches grow on deciduous trees. Inside these fruits are seeds that can grow into new trees. Some deciduous trees grow nuts that are seeds. Acorns, walnuts, and chestnuts are nuts that grow on different kinds of deciduous trees.

Coniferous Trees

Coniferous trees have skinny, hard leaves called needles. These needles do not change colour in the fall and then drop off. The needles stay green all year round.

Coniferous trees grow cones that have seeds inside. Pine cones come from pine trees, but other kinds of coniferous trees also grow cones.

A cone is made of many woody pieces called scales. Seeds grow inside a cone. At first, the scales on a cone are all tightly closed, and the seeds are trapped inside. Later, the cone opens up as the scales spread apart. The cone drops off the tree and falls to the ground.


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